The majority of expatriates (approx. 80%) work in a major city and 90% of those reside in the south near to the US border. The regions of Canada vary between the Great Lakes, the Prairies, the Rocky Mountains and the Arctic.
Generally winter conditions in Canada are severe and must be treated with caution. Many vehicles use snow tyres when driving lengthy distances particularly in rural areas. In harsh conditions attention must be paid to weather reports in the media and extreme precautionary measures should be taken.
All types of education is a provincial responsibility and standards vary between the provinces. Canada spends about 7% of its GDP on education. Most programmes in Canada start with kindergarten (aged 5) or grade 1 (aged 6, Ontario and Quebec start a year earlier) and go to grade 12 (aged 17 or 18). After completion of a secondary school diploma students may go on to post-secondary studies where the institutions have the authority to grant diplomas or degrees.
Most expats live in rented accommodation with apartments being fairly rare and small houses are extremely common. Rental charges are somewhat expensive in major cities.
Canadians strongly support the public health systems rather than paying fees for private health care.
About 80% of the population owns a car because of large distances between rural areas. Most attractions in large cities are only to be reached by car. Purchasing a car is generally inexpensive and most expats buy a vehicle after they have arrived. Alternatively, public transport is generally very good. For those who do not want to import or buy a new care leasing is another option. Many such car companies are available and for some this is a preferable way of obtaining a car.
For some time immigrants moving to Canada mainly came from Europe, however in past years the majority of immigrants originate in the countries of Asia. Nowadays every one in five residents was born abroad.
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